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PRTC highlights methanol chain, catalyst document

PRTC highlights methanol chain, catalyst document
(Saturday, May 20, 2023) 10:22

TEHRAN (NIPNA) -- Iran's Petrochemical Research and Technology Company (PRTC) held a specialized meeting on Friday to review its achievements in the methanol chain and the catalyst document, as part of the 27th Iran International Oil, Gas, Refining and Petrochemical Exhibition (Iran Oil Show).

The head of PRTC's engineering, development and research processes group, Mehran Daneshvar, said that methanol producers should move towards completing the value chain of this important product and that without a methanol chain, a good future for these companies cannot be imagined.

He also said that the world is moving towards producing methanol from renewable sources and that it is expected that by 2050, carbon neutrality will be achieved.

Daneshvar said that the production of methanol from fossil fuels is expected to increase from 100 million tons in 2020 to 115 million tons in 2050, while in the same year 250 million tons of green methanol will be produced.

He added that it took at least 20 years for the value chain of methanol to become clear in Iran, but statistics show that methanol still has a significant share of the petrochemical products market.

He also pointed out that Iran has a four percent share of the global methanol market, with a large number of producers around the world.

"The global methanol industry is moving from gray methanol production (using coal) to blue and green methanol production (no CO2 emissions)," he said.

He continued: "The demand for methanol in the global market is increasing day by day; currently methanol is produced in China using coal and in Iran using natural gas, but the world is moving towards producing methanol using new technologies and producing blue methanol and green methanol are raised; it may even be difficult to sell methanol produced from fossil fuels in the future and there may be no demand for it."

Daneshvar also said that the highest demand in the field of methanol is for formaldehyde and that until 2020, the growth of the process of converting methanol to olefins was higher than other processes.

He also said that green methanol production uses renewable CO2 and as a result Bio-methanol, Bio- e-methanol and E-methanol are produced. Bio-methanol can be produced from Biomass and Renewable natural gas and E-methanol can be produced from Renewable Electrolysis.

Daneshvar also stressed that China, which has a lot of methanol production, has planned more than anyone else for producing green and renewable methanol, followed by countries such as Denmark, Germany, America and Canada.

Continuation of indigenization of Petchem industry catalysts

Fereydoun Yaripour, head of PRTC's catalyst research group, said on Friday at the specialized meeting on "Reviewing the achievements of Petrochemical Research and Technology Company, Methanol Chain and Catalyst Document" that 15 catalyst manufacturers are active in Iran and that all six catalysts used in the field of methanol have been indigenized.

He explained the catalyst document and said: "We have indigenized 78 catalysts specific to the petrochemical industry, 11 catalysts common with refining and distribution, three catalysts specific to refining and gas and seven cases of absorbents, catalyst base and resin."

He added that indigenizing a large part of the catalysts, absorbents and initiators listed in the country's oil industry catalyst document was on the agenda and that the number of catalysts increased from 13 cases in 2011 to 94 cases in 2022.

He also stressed that catalyst developers and manufacturers should constantly plan to modify, upgrade and optimize their production formulation and move towards making changes in formulation to improve and increase process performance.

Yaripour also emphasized that catalyst producers should have a serious look at exporting their products, and said: "Catalyst manufacturers should take serious steps towards fully domesticating and 100 percent practical operations for producing catalysts along the way. Supply all production line requirements such as base construction, supply of raw materials from domestic sources."

Yaripour also mentioned the development of the mix of products produced by saying: "A review of the mix of products produced by catalyst manufacturers shows that many of these companies have focused their activities mainly on oil-consuming catalysts. In some cases it causes false competition between companies."

He also said that today there are five non-indigenous catalysts that are being indigenized, and said: "The indigenized catalysts have a value of $11.419 billion and the value of non-indigenous catalysts is about $10 million."

The head of PRTC's catalyst research group also said that consumers of catalysts, knowledge developers and knowledge providers have all joined hands to indigenize catalysts and said: "36,000 and 708 tons per year of catalysts, absorbents and initiators are consumed. In 2011, 13 catalysts were indigenized and 83 were not yet indigenized but today only five catalysts remain for indigenization."

Yaripour also referred to companies contracted with Petrochemical Research and Technology Company such as Khwarizmi Technology Development Company, Gohar Seram Company, Novin Process Asia Elixir Company, Lorestan Petrochemical Company, Shazand Petrochemical Company, Bakhtar Puya Research, Arya Ofogh Fiar, Behdash Chemical Industries Co. and Sarv Oil And Gas Industries Development Company.

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